主站英文站

中文 | English

Home   »   Area Information   »   Overview of Xiamen   »   Geography and Climate

Geography and Climate

Xiamen is situated on the southeast coast of the Fujian Province at the estuary of Jiulong River, 18 degrees 04' 04'' east longitude and 24 degrees 26' 46'' north latitude. Across the Taiwan Strait, Xiamen faces the island of Taiwan and the Penghu Islands. To the West of Xiamen lies the Zhangzhou-Quanzhou Plain.

Xiamen City comprises of Xiamen Island proper, Gulangyu (Gulang Island) and the coastal part of north Jiulong River. It has a land area of more than 1565.09 square kilometers and a sea area of 300 square kilometers. Because of such favorable conditions, Xiamen becomes an international seaport and scenic city.

The island itself covers an area of 128.14 square kilometers, with a length of 13.7 kilometers from south to north and a width of 12.5 kilometers from east to west which is the fourth largest island of Fujian province. The Xiamen Harbor has a coastal line that zigzags 234 kilometers. Many other islands are scattered around Xiamen Island.

In May of 2003, authorized by the State Council, Xiamen adjusted part of administrative districts layout. Main contents are as follows: First, Siming District, Gulangyu Island and Kaiyuan District were combined as a whole district named Siming. The original 3 districts are administrated by Siming District. Second, Xinglin District street office and Xinglin town are now administrated by Jimei District. Xinglin District was renamed as Haicang District. Third, Xiang'an District which administrates five towns originally belonged to Tong'an District, and they are: Xindian, Xinyu, Maxiang, NeiCe and Dadeng. Today, there are six districts under the administration of Xiamen: Siming, Huli, Jimei, Haicang, Tong'an and Xiang’an.

Apart from the majority of Han Chinese in Xiamen, there are also more than 20 different ethnic groups such as Hui, Manchu, Zhuang, She, Miao and Goashan etc. Because of the geographic environment and historical background, Xiamen has many returned overseas Chinese and their families. Overseas Chinese from Macao, Hong Kong and Taiwan have registered with Xiamen as permanent residents.

.

.

Lying in the sub-tropical zone, Xiamen has a maritime climate and congenial, spring-like weather in four seasons. It is generally mild and temperate will abundant rainfall. It has an average annual temperature of 20.8 degrees centigrade. Winter in Xiamen is not harsh while summer is free from extreme heat. The coldest month, February, never goes below 10 degrees C.

The city has an average annual rainfall of about 1200mm, mainly concentrated on the months from May to August. Because of the air currents resulting from the difference in temperature in the Pacific, Xiamen is affected by typhoons three to four times annually on average, during the months of July to September. Taiwan Island often shelters Xiamen from the full impact.

The city receives abundant sunshine (a total of 2,276 hours annually), a big blessing for those planning to go sunbathing on the beach.

People can enjoy the bright sunlight, the gentle breeze, lush plants and the colorful flowers all year round. It is one of China’s top ten cities suitable for human habitation with its high development in culture and education, its economic prosperity and its picturesque scenery.